Main Article Content

Abstract

Many disorders are identified in the early stages of diagnosis by analyzing the human hand’s nails. The colour of a person’s nails can aid in diagnosing certain medical conditions. The suggested approach, in this situation, leads to illness diagnosis decision-making. Human nail art is used to feed the system. The technology analyses nail photos and extracts disease-specific nail characteristics. The human nail has numerous characteristics, and the suggested system detects illness by changing the colour of the nail. The initial training set data is extracted from an image of a patient’s nails with a certain condition and processed with the Weka tool. Nail To obtain the desired results, the image’s feature results are compared to the training dataset. Deformation of the nail unit is referred to as nail disease. Nail units have their sickness class because of their distinct indications, symptoms, causes, and consequences that may or may not be related to other medical illnesses. Nail problems are still unknown and difficult to diagnose. This study proposes a fresh deep learning system for identifying and categorizing nail disorders from photos. CNN models (CNN) are combined in this framework to extract features. This research was also contrasted with certain other province algorithms (Support vector, ANN, K - nearest neighbors, and RF) evaluated on datasets and showed positive results.

Keywords

Human Nail Deep Learning CNN Neural Networks Preprocessing

Article Details

How to Cite
Regin, R., G , G. R., Ch , S. K., & CVN, J. (2022). Nail Disease Detection and Classification Using Deep Learning. CENTRAL ASIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES, 55-73. Retrieved from https://cajmns.centralasianstudies.org/index.php/CAJMNS/article/view/779

References

  1. 1. M. H. Memon, J. Li, A. U. Haq and M. Hunain Memon, “EarlyStage Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnosis Method,” 2019 16th International Computer Conference on Wavelet Active Media Technology and Information Processing, Chengdu, China, 2019, pp. 222-225.
  2. 2. R. Nijhawan, R. Verma, Ayushi, S. Bhushan, R. Dua and A. Mittal, “An Integrated Deep Learning Framework Approach for Nail Disease Identification,” 2017 13th International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems, Jaipur, 2017, pp. 197-202.
  3. 3. H. Pandit and D. M. Shah, “A system for nail colour analysis in healthcare,” 2013 International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Signal Processing (ISSP), Vallabh Vidyanagar, India, 2013, pp. 221-223.
  4. 4. L. Safira, B. Irawan and C. Setianingsih, “K-Nearest Neighbour Classification and Feature Extraction GLCM for Identification of Terry’s Nail,” 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industry 4.0, Artificial Intelligence, and Communications Technology (IAICT), BALI, Indonesia, 2019, pp. 98-104.
  5. 5. J. Gao, “Computer-Vision-Based Identification of Nail’s Surface Shape,” 2009 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security, Beijing, China, 2009, pp. 344-347.
  6. 6. Wollina, Uwe, et al. "The Diagnosis and Treatment of NailDisorders." Deutsches Aerzteblatt International 113 (2016)
  7. 7. Fletcher, C.L., Hay, R.J. and Smeeton, N.C., 2003. Observer agreement in recording the clinical signs of nail disease and the accuracy of a clinical diagnosis of fungal and non fungal nail disease. British Journal of Dermatology, 148(3), pp.558-562.
  8. 8. Sharma, V. and Ramaiya, M., 2015. Nail Color and Texture Analysis for Disease Detection. International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, 7(5), pp.351-358.
  9. 9. Krizhevsky, Alex, Ilya Sutskever, and Geoffrey E. Hinton. “Imagenet classification with deep convolutional neural networks.” In Advances in neural information processing systems, pp. 1097-1105. 2012.
  10. 10. SS Priscila, M Hemalatha, “Improving the performance of entropy ensembles of neural networks (EENNS) on classification of heart disease prediction”, Int J Pure Appl Math 117 (7), 371-386, 2017.
  11. 11. S Silvia Priscila, M Hemalatha, “ Diagnosisof heart disease with particle bee-neural network” Biomedical Research, Special Issue, pp. S40-S46, 2018.
  12. 12. S Silvia Priscila, M Hemalatha, “ Heart Disease Prediction Using Integer-Coded Genetic Algorithm (ICGA) Based Particle Clonal Neural Network (ICGA-PCNN)”, Bonfring International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management Science 8 (2), 15-19, 2018.
  13. 13. B. Rymbai, D. Kandar, and A. K. Maji, “A hybrid face recognition scheme using contour and gabor wavelet,” in Proceedings of International Conference on ICT for Sustainable Development. Springer, 2016, pp. 377–385.
  14. 14. I. Wahlang, G. Saha, and A. K. Maji, “A comparative analysis on denoising techniques in brain mri and cardiac echo,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing and Communication Systems: I3CS 2020, NEHU, Shillong, India, vol. 170. Springer, 2021, p. 381.
  15. 15. R. K. Das, F. H. Pohrmen, A. K. Maji, and G. Saha, “Fosdn: A software-defined edge computation for resource constraint network,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing and Communication Systems: I3CS 2020, NEHU, Shillong, India, vol. 170.Springer, 2021, p. 463.
  16. 16. S. Warjri, P. Pakray, S. Lyngdoh, and A. K. Maji, “Adopting conditional random field (crf) for khasi part-of-speech tagging (kpost),” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing and Communication Systems. Springer, 2021, pp. 75–84.
  17. 17. R. A. Hazarika, K. Kharkongor, A. K. Maji, D. Kandar, and S. Sanyal, “A hybrid approach for segmenting grey and white matter from brain magnetic resonance imaging (mri),” in Proceedings of International Conference on Frontiers in Computing and Systems. Springer, 2021, pp. 127–138.
  18. 18. S. M. Hassan and A. K. Maji, “Identification of plant species using deep learning,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Frontiers in Computing and Systems. Springer, 2021, pp. 115–125.
  19. 19. K. N. Dey, S. Golui, N. Dutta, A. K. Maji, and R. K. Pal, “Plaintext encryption using sudoku cipher,” in International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Communication. Springer, 2019, pp. 23–31.
  20. 20. I. Wahlang, G. Saha, and A. K. Maji, “A study on abnormalities detection techniques from echocardiogram,” in Advances in Electrical and Computer Technologies. Springer, 2020, pp. 181–188.
  21. 21. I. Wahlang, S. Warjri, and A. K. Maji, “Extraction and analysis of expression from a captured face,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing and Communication Systems. Springer, 2018, pp. 357–366.
  22. 22. S. Jana, A. K. Maji, and R. K. Pal, “A robust video steganographic scheme using sudoku puzzle for secured data hiding,” in Annual Convention of the Computer Society of India. Springer, 2018, pp. 533–545.
  23. 23. S. Warjri, I. Wahlang, and A. Maji, “Study and analysis of different face recognition techniques based on graph,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing and Communication Systems. Springer, 2018, pp. 347–356.
  24. 24. D. Dey, A. Bandyopadhyay, S. Jana, A. K. Maji, and R. K. Pal, “A novel image steganographic scheme using 8\times8sudoku puzzle,” in Advanced Computing and Systems for Security. Springer, 2017, pp.85–100.
  25. 25. K. Amitab, D. Kandar, and A. K. Maji, “Comparative evaluation of radial basis function network transfer function for filtering speckle noise in synthetic aperture radar images,” in Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications. Springer, 2016, pp.243–252.
  26. 26. A. K. Maji, S. Jana, and R. K. Pal, “A comprehensive sudoku instance generator,” in Advanced Computing and Systems for Security. Springer,2016, pp. 215–233.
  27. 27. S. Jana, M. Mallik, A. K. Maji, and R. K. Pal, “A novel search tree-based 3d sudoku solver,” Arnab Kumar Maji• Goutam Saha• Sufal Das• Subhadip Basu•, p. 709.
  28. 28. D. Kem, “Strengthening online education: Challenges and opportunities in India,” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, vol. 11, no. 05, pp. 01-12, 2022.
  29. 29. D. Kem, “Personalised and adaptive Learning: Emerging learning platforms in the era of digital and smart Learning,”, International Journal of Social Science and Human Research, vol. 05, no. 2, pp. 385-391, 2022.
  30. 30. D. Kem, “Policy discourse and communication strategies in India.”, Journal of the Kerala Sociological Society, vol, XXXIII, No. 2, pp. 37-48, 2005.
  31. 31. D. Kem, “‘Adolescents and the Mass Media: Contemporary Issues in the Literature, Journal of the Kerala Sociological Society, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, vol. XX no. 2, pp. 43-60, 2006.
  32. 32. D. Kem and M. Jena, “Social responsibility of science.”, Journal of the Kerala Sociological Society, vol, XXXV, no. 2, pp. 37-48, 2007.
  33. 33. F Rabbi, “ A review of the use of machine learning techniques by social media enterprises”, Journal of Contemporary Scientific Research, Vol.2 (4), pp. 1-14, 2018.
  34. 34. M Azeroual, Y Boujoudar, K Bhagat, L El Iysaouy, A Aljarbouh, et al.,, “ Fault location and detection techniques in power distribution systems with distributed generation: Kenitra City (Morocco) as a case study.” Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 209, August 2022, 108026.
  35. 35. Azeroual M, Boujoudar Y, Iysaouy LE, et al. Energy management and control system for microgrid based wind-PV-battery using multi-agent systems. Wind Engineering. February 2022. doi:10.1177/0309524X221075583
  36. 36. Fazle Rabbi , Nasir Abdul Jalil , S. Suman Rajest , R. Regin, “ An Approximation For Monitoring The Efficiency Of Cooperative Across Diverse Network Aspects”, Webology, Volume 17, No 2, 2020, Pages: 1234-1247
  37. 37. U Kumar, C Khatun, MS Islam, N Kao, F Rabbi, M Maniruzzaman, et al., “ Effect of Drum Pressure on Flow Accelerated Corrosion in Gas Fired Combined Cycle Power Plant: A Case Study and Literature Review”, Research Communication in Engineering Science & Technology, 2, 17-27, 2019.
  38. 38. F Rabbi, “ Recent Trends in the Use of Machine Learning Techniques in Business”, Asia Pacific Conference on Advances in Applied Science, Engineering and Technology (APCAASET)’, 2019.
  39. 39. Fazle Rabbi, “ A Review of the Recent Trends in the Use of Machine Learning in Business,” International Conference on Education, Business and Social Science (ICONFEBSS), 2019.
  40. 40. F Rabbi, “ Application of Big Data in Promoting Sustainable Solutions for Business-A Review”, Global Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology Vol. 3 (11), 2018
  41. 41. Werku Etafa, Getahun Fetensa, Reta Tsegaye, Bizuneh Wakuma, Sundararajan Vasantha Kumari, Getu Bayisa , et al , “Neonatal sepsis risk factorsin public hospitals in Wollega zones, Ethiopia: case control study ,” PAMJ - One Health,vol. 7, no. 2,p.1-13,2022.
  42. 42. S.Vasanthakumari , “Writing research proposal,” World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews,vol. 10, no.01,p.184-190,2021.
  43. 43. S.Vasanthakumari ,“Soft skills and its application in work place,” World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews,vol. 03, no.02,p.66–72,2019.
  44. 44. S.Vasanthakumari ,“ Mental Health Preparedness for School Children during COVID-19 Pandemic,” International Journal of Scientific Research,vol. 10, no.05,p.1-4,2021.
  45. 45. S.Vasanthakumari ,“ Creating Culture of Excellence – in Imparting E-Learning and Tactics to Overcome Challenges,” Indian Journal of Applied Research,vol. 11, no.05,p.1-4,2021.
  46. 46. Shakir Khan and Arun Sharma, “Moodle Based LMS and Open Source Software (OSS) Efficiency in E-Learning”, International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Technology, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 50-60, 2012. http://ijcset.com/docs/IJCSET12-03-04-049.pdf
  47. 47. Mohammed AlAjmi, Arun Sharma and Shakir Khan, “Growing Cloud Computing Efficiency”, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 172-176, 2012. https://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2012.030526
  48. 48. Shakir Khan, Arun Sharma, Abu Sarwar Zamani and Ali Akhtar, “Data Mining for Security Purpose & Its Solitude Suggestions”, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, Vol. 1, No. 7, pp. 1-4, 2012. http://www.ijstr.org/final-print/August2012/Data-Mining-for-Security-Purpose-&-its-Solitude-Suggestions.pdf
  49. 49. S. Khan, “An Inter-Operability And Open Source Problem For Integrated Library System (Koha) And Digital Library (Dspace) As Single System”, Edulearn17 Proceedings, 2017, pp. 7041-7047, doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2017.2652
  50. 50. S. Khan, M. Alajmi, “The Role Of Open Source Technology In Development Of E-Learning Education”, Edulearn17 Proceedings, 2017, Pp. 7056-7061, Doi: 10.21125/Edulearn.2017.2652
  51. 51. Geno Peter, Anli Sherine, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, Histogram Shifting based Quick Response Steganography method for Secure Communication” Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing. vol. 2022, 10 pages, 2022.
  52. 52. Geno Peter, Anli Sherine, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, Design of Automated Deep Learning-based Fusion Model for Copy-Move Image Forgery Detection” Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience. vol. 2022, 9 pages, 2022.
  53. 53. Hariprasath Manoharan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, K Venkatachalam, Acclimatization Of Nano Robots In Medical Applications Using Artificial Intelligence System With Data Transfer Approach” Wireless Communications And Mobile Computing. vol. 2022, 9 pages, 2022.
  54. 54. Ashok Kumar L, Ramya Kuppusamy, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Indragandhi V, Arun Radhakrishnan, Design and Implementation of Automatic Water Spraying System for Solar Photovoltaic Module” Mathematical Problems In Engineering. vol. 2022, 9 pages, 2022.
  55. 55. K Veena, K Meena, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, Cybercrime Detection using C SVM and KNN Techniques” Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing. vol. 2022, 8 pages, 2022.
  56. 56. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, KA Ramesh Kumar, Ramya Kuppusamy, Amruth Ramesh Thelkar, SSNN Based Energy Management Strategy in Grid-Connected System for Load Scheduling and Load Sharing” Mathematical Problems In Engineering. vol. 2022, Article ID 2447299, 9 pages, 2022.
  57. 57. M. Bharathidasan, V. Indragandhi, Ramya Kuppusamy, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Shabana Urooj, Norah Alwadi, ‘Intelligent Fuzzy Based High Gain Non-Isolated Converter for DC Micro-Grids” CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua. Vol 71, No.2, 2022.
  58. 58. Hariprasath Manoharan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, A Novel Optimal Robotized Parking System Using Advanced Wireless Sensor Network” Journal of Sensors. Volume 2021, Page 1-8, 2021.
  59. 59. Kamaleshwar T, Lakshminarayanan R, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, A Self-Adaptive framework for Rectification and Detection of Blackhole and Wormhole attacks in 6LoWPAN” Wireless Communications And Mobile Computing. Volume 2021, 2021. Page 1-8.
  60. 60. Pavan Babu Bandla, Indragandhi Vairavasundaram, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Srete Nikolovski, “Real Time Sustainable Power Quality Analysis of Non-Linear Load under Symmetrical Conditions” Energies 2022, 15(01).
  61. 61. Hariprasath Manoharan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, A Prognostic Three-Axis Coordination Model for Supply Chain Regulation Using Machine Learning Algorithm” Scientific Programming. Volume 2021, 2021. Page 1-9.
  62. 62. Hariprasath Manoharan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, An Intellectual Energy Device for Household Appliances Using Artificial Neural Network” Mathematical Problems In Engineering. Volume 2021, 2021. Page 1-9.
  63. 63. Nagarajan Manikandan, Rajappa Muthaiah, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, A Novel Random Error Approximate Adder-Based Lightweight Image Encryption Scheme for Secure Remote Monitoring of Reliable Data” Security and Communication Networks. Vol 2021, 2021. Page 1-14.
  64. 64. Senthilselvan Natarajan, Subramaniyaswamy Vairavasundaram, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Arun Radhakrishnan, Schema-Based Mapping Approach for Data Transformation toEnrich Semantic Web” Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing. Vol 2021, 2021. Page 1-15.
  65. 65. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Hariprasath Manoharan, Ramya Kuppusamy, Fadwa Alrowais, Shabana Urooj, Energy Efficient Multi-Hop Routing Protocol for Smart Vehicle Monitoring Using Intelligent Sensor Networks” International Journal Of Distributed Sensor Networks. Vol 17, Issue 12. 2021. Page 1-11.
  66. 66. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, V. Indragandhi, ‘Modeling and Analysis of PV System with Fuzzy Logic MPPT Technique for a DC Microgrid under Variable Atmospheric Conditions” Electronics. (20) 2541, 2021.
  67. 67. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, V. Indragandhi, ‘Investigations on the effect of micro-grid using improved NFIS-PID with hybrid algorithms” Computing. Springer 2021. DOI: 10.1007/s00607-021-01006-9.
  68. 68. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Jasmin Pamela, V. Indragandhi, R. Saranya, Shabana Urooj, V. Subramaniyaswamy, Norah Alwadi ‘’2D Finite Element Analysis of Asynchronous Machine Influenced under Power Quality Perturbations” CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua. Volume 70. Number 03, pp. 5745-5763, 2021.
  69. 69. Ratnam Kamala Sarojini, Palanisamy Kaliannan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Srete Nikolovski, Hamid Reza Baghaee, ''An Enhanced Emulated Inertia Control for Grid-Connected PV Systems with HESS in a Weak Grid''” Energies 2021, 14(06), 1455 (1-21);
  70. 70. Subramanian Vasantharaj, Indragandhi Vairavasundaram, Subramaniyaswamy Vairavasundaram, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Nikolovski Srete, Efficient Control of DC Microgrid with Hybrid PV—Fuel Cell and Energy Storage Systems” Energies 2021, 14(06), 3234 (1-18);
  71. 71. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Hariprasath Manoharan, "Implementation of Cognitive Radio Model for Agricultural Applications using Hybrid Algorithms". Wireless Personal Communications, Accepted. 2021.
  72. 72. Rahul Gopi, Soundarya S, Kavitha P, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Ramya Kuppusamy, Shabana Urooj “Enhanced Model Reference Adaptive Control Scheme for Tracking Control of Magnetic Levitation System” Energies 2021, 14(05), 1455 (1-13).
  73. 73. Shabana Urooj, Fadwa Alrowais, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Hariprasath Manoharan, Ramya Kuppusamy, “IoT Based Electric Vehicle Application Using Boosting Algorithm for Smart Cities” Energies 2021, 14(04), 1072 (1-15).
  74. 74. Shabana Urooj, Fadwa Alrowais, Ramya Kuppusamy, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Hariprasath Manoharan, “New Gen Controlling Variable using Dragonfly Algorithm in PV Panel” Energies 2021, 14(04), 790 (1-14).
  75. 75. Hariprasath Manoharan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Pravin R Kshirsagar, Shanmugam Sundaramurthy, Abirami Manoharan, Examining the effect of Aquaculture using Sensor based Technology with Machine Learning Algorithm. Aquaculture Research, 13(15), pp.1-16. 2020.
  76. 76. Hariprasath Manoharan, Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Irina Kirpichnikova, Ramya Kuppusamy, Srete Nikolovski, Hamid Reza Baghaee., Smart Grid Monitoring by Wireless Sensors Using Binary Logistic Regression. Energies, 13(15), pp.1-16. 2020.
  77. 77. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Hariprasath Manoharan., Adam Raja Basha, Abirami Manoharan., Hybrid Optimization Algorithms for Resource Allocation in Heterogeneous Cognitive Radio Networks. Neural Processing Letters. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11063-020- 10255-2. 2020.
  78. 78. Yuvaraja.T, KA Ramesh Kumar, “Enhanced Frequency Shift Carrier Modulation for H Bridge Multilevel Converter to Conquer the Impact of Instability in Deputize Condenser Voltage” International Journal Of Electrical Engineering Education, Volume 57 Issue 2, April 2020.
  79. 79. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, K Ramya, Srete Nikolovski, “Current Compensation in Grid Connected VSCs using Advanced Fuzzy Logic Based Fluffy Built SVPWM Switching” Energies 2020, 13(05), 1259.
  80. 80. Yuvaraja Teekaraman, Pranesh Sthapit, Miheung Choe, Kiseon Kim, “Energy Analysis on Localization Free Routing Protocols in UWSNs” International Journal of Computational Intelligence System, Atlantis Press, Vol.12, Issue 2, pp. 1526-1536, 2019.
  81. 81. F. J. John Joseph, “Empirical Dominance of Features for Predictive Analytics of Particulate Matter Pollution in Thailand,” in 5th Thai-Nichi Institute of Technology Academic Conference TNIAC 2019, 2019, no. May, pp. 385–388.
  82. 82. V. Pattana-anake, P. Danphitsanuparn, and F. J. J. John Joseph, “BettaNet : A Deep Learning Architecture for Classification of Wild Siamese Betta Species,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 1055, 2021, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/1055/1/012104.
  83. 83. F. J. John Joseph and S. Nonsiri, “Region-Specific Opinion Mining from Tweets in a Mixed Political Scenario,” in International Conference on Intelligent and Smart Computing in Data Analytics, 2021, pp. 189–195.
  84. 84. F. J. John Joseph, S. Nonsiri, and A. Monsakul, “Keras and Tensorflow - A Hands on Experience,” in Advanced Deep Learning for Engineers And Scientists: A Practical Approach, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020.
  85. 85. F. J. John Joseph and P. Anantaprayoon, “Offline Handwritten Thai Character Recognition Using Single Tier Classifier and Local Features,” in 2018 International Conference on Information Technology (InCIT), 2018, pp. 1–4, doi: 10.23919/INCIT.2018.8584876.
  86. 86. F. J. J. Joseph, “Effect of supervised learning methodologies in offline handwritten Thai character recognition,” Int. J. Inf. Technol., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 57–64, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.1007/s41870-019-00366-y.
  87. 87. S. Sudhakar and S.Chenthur Pandian “Secure Packet Encryption and Key Exchange System in Mobile Ad hoc Nerwork”, Journal of Computer Science, Vol.8, No. 6, pp : 908-912, 2012, DOI:10.3844/jcssp.2012.908.912.
  88. 88. S. Sudhakar and S. Chenthur Pandian, “Hybrid Cluster-based Geographical Routing Protocol to Mitigate Malicious Nodes in Mobile Ad Hoc Network”, International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2016 Vol.21 No.4, pp.224-236. DOI: 10.1504/IJAHUC.2016.076358, 2016.
  89. 89. N. Keerthana, Viji Vinod and S. Sudhakar, “A Novel Method for Multi-Dimensional Cluster to Identify the Malicious Users on Online Social Networks”, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 15, No. 6, pp: 4107-4122, 2020.
  90. 90. A. U. Priyadarshni and S. Sudhakar, “Cluster Based Certificate Revocation by Cluster Head in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network”, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 10, No. 20, pp. 16014-16018, 2015.
  91. 91. S. Sudhakar and S. Chenthur Pandian, “Investigation of Attribute Aided Data Aggregation Over Dynamic Routing in Wireless Sensor,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol.10, No.11, pp:1465–1476, 2015.
  92. 92. S. Sudhakar and S. Chenthur Pandian, “Trustworthy Position Based Routing to Mitigate against the Malicious Attacks to Signifies Secured Data Packet using Geographic Routing Protocol in MANET”, WSEAS Transactions on Communications, Vol. 12, No. 11, pp:584- 603, 2013,
  93. 93. S. Sudhakar and S. Chenthur Pandian, “A Trust and Co-Operative Nodes with Affects of Malicious Attacks and Measure the Performance Degradation on Geographic Aided Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Network”, Life Science Journal, Vol. 10, No. (4s), pp:158-163, 2013.
  94. 94. S. Sudhakar and S. Chenthur Pandian, “An Efficient Agent-Based Intrusion Detection System for Detecting Malicious Nodes in MANET Routing”, International Review on Computers and Software, Vol.7, No.6, pp.3037-304,2012.
  95. 95. S. Sudhakar and S. Chenthur Pandian, “Authorized Node Detection and Accuracy in Position-Based Information for MANET”, European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.70, No.2, pp.253-265,2012.
  96. 96. K. Ganesh Kumar and S. Sudhakar, Improved Network Traffic by Attacking Denial of Service to Protect Resource Using Z-Test Based 4-Tier Geomark Traceback (Z4TGT),Wireless Personal Communications, Vol.114, No. 4, pp:3541–3575, 2020, DOI:10.1007/s11277-020-07546-1
  97. 97. Aakanksha Singhal and D.K. Sharma, “Seven Divergence Measures by CDF of fitting in Exponential and Normal Distributions of COVID-19 Data”, Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Vol.32(3), pp. 1212 - 1222, 2021.
  98. 98. D.K. Sharma and Haldhar Sharma, “A Study of Trend Growth Rate of Confirmed cases, Death cases and Recovery cases in view of Covid-19 of Top Five States of India”, Solid State Technology, Vol.64(2), pp. 4526-4541, 2021.
  99. 99. D.K. Sharma, “Information Measure Computation and its Impact in MI COCO Dataset”, IEEE Conference Proceedings, 7th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS), Vol.1, pp. 2011-2014, 2021.
  100. 100. Aakanksha Singhal and D.K. Sharma, “Keyword extraction using Renyi entropy: a statistical and domain independent method”, IEEE Conference Proceedings, 7th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS), Vol.1, pp. 1970-1975, 2021.
  101. 101. Aakanksha Singhal and D.K. Sharma, “Generalization of F-Divergence Measures for Probability Distributions with Associated Utilities”, Solid State Technology, Vol.64(2), pp. 5525-5531, 2021.
  102. 102. Aakanksha Singhal and D.K. Sharma, “A Study of before and after Lockdown Situation of 10 Countries through Visualization of Data along With Entropy Analysis of Top Three Countries”, International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, Vol.14(1), pp. 496-525, 2021.
  103. 103. Aakanksha Singhal and D.K. Sharma, “Generalized ‘Useful’ Rényi & Tsallis Information Measures, Some Discussions with Application to Rainfall Data", International Journal of Grid and Distributed Computing, Vol. 13(2), pp. 681-688, 2020.
  104. 104. Reetu Kumari and D. K. Sharma, “Generalized `Useful non-symmetric divergence measures and Inequalities", Journal of Mathematical Inequalities, Vol. 13(2), pp. 451-466, 2019.
  105. 105. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma, “On Characterization of Joint and Conditional Exponential Survival Entropies", International Journal of Statistics and Reliability Engineering, Vol. 6(1), pp. 29-36, 2019.
  106. 106. Reetu Kumari and D. K. Sharma, “Generalized `Useful' AG and `Useful' JS-Divergence Measures and their Bounds", International Journal of Engineering, Science and Mathematics, Vol. 7 (1), pp. 441-450, 2018.
  107. 107. D.S. Hooda, Reetu Kumari and D. K. Sharma, “Intuitionistic Fuzzy Soft Set Theory and Its Application in Medical Diagnosis”, International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research, Vol. 7, pp. 70-76, 2018.
  108. 108. D.K. Sharma and Sonali Saxena, “Generalized Coding Theorem with Different Source Coding Schemes”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, Vol. 5(6), pp. 253 – 257, 2017.
  109. 109. A.K. Gupta, Y. K. Chauhan, and T Maity, “Experimental investigations and comparison of various MPPT techniques for photovoltaic system,” Sādhanā, Vol. 43, no. 8, pp.1-15, 2018.
  110. 110. A.K. Gupta, “Sun Irradiance Trappers for Solar PV Module to Operate on Maximum Power: An Experimental Study,” Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), Vol. 12, no.5, pp.1112-1121, 2021.
  111. 111. A.K. Gupta, Y.K Chauhan, and T Maity and R Nanda, “Study of Solar PV Panel Under Partial Vacuum Conditions: A Step Towards Performance Improvement,” IETE Journal of Research, pp.1-8, 2020.
  112. 112. A.K. Gupta, Y.K Chauhan, and T Maity, “A new gamma scaling maximum power point tracking method for solar photovoltaic panel Feeding energy storage system,” IETE Journal of Research, vol.67, no.1, pp.1-21, 2018.
  113. 113. A. K. Gupta et al., "Effect of Various Incremental Conductance MPPT Methods on the Charging of Battery Load Feed by Solar Panel," in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 90977-90988, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3091502.
  114. 114. U. Zulfiqar, S. Mohy-Ul-Din, A. Abu-Rumman, A. E. M. Al-Shraah, And I. Ahmed, “Insurance-Growth Nexus: Aggregation and Disaggregation,” The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 665–675, Dec. 2020. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no12.665
  115. 115. Al-Shqairat, Z. I., Al Shraah, A. E. M., Abu-Rumman, A., “The role of critical success factors of knowledge stations in the development of local communities in Jordan: A managerial perspective,” Journal of management Information and Decision Sciences, vol. 23, no.5, pp. 510-526, Dec. 2020. DOI: 1532-5806-23-5-218
  116. 116. Abu-Rumman, Ayman. "Transformational leadership and human capital within the disruptive business environment of academia." World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 13, no. 2 (2021): 178-187.
  117. 117. Almomani, Reham Zuhier Qasim, Lina Hamdan Mahmoud Al-Abbadi, Amani Rajab Abed Alhaleem Abu Rumman, Ayman Abu-Rumman, and Khaled Banyhamdan. "Organizational Memory, Knowledge Management, Marketing Innovation and Cost of Quality: Empirical Effects from Construction Industry in Jordan." Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal 25, no. 3 (2019): 1528-2686.
  118. 118. Alshawabkeh, Rawan, Amani Abu Rumman, Lina Al-Abbadi, and Ayman Abu-Rumman. "The intervening role of ambidexterity in the knowledge management project success connection." Problems and Perspectives in Management 18, no. 3 (2020): 56.
  119. 119. Abu-Rumman, Ayman. "Gaining competitive advantage through intellectual capital and knowledge management: an exploration of inhibitors and enablers in Jordanian Universities." Problems and Perspectives in Management 16, no. 3 (2018): 259-268.
  120. 120. Abu-Rumman, A. Al Shraah, F. Al-Madi, T. Alfalah, “Entrepreneurial networks, entrepreneurial orientation, and performance of small and medium enterprises: are dynamic capabilities the missing link?” Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Vol 10 Issue 29, pp 1-16. Jul 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13731-021-00170-8
  121. 121. A.Al Shraah, A. Abu-Rumman, F. Al Madi, F.A. Alhammad, A.A. AlJboor, “The impact of quality management practices on knowledge management processes: a study of a social security corporation in Jordan” The TQM Journal. Vol. ahead-of-print No. Issue ahead-of- print. Apr 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-08-2020-0183
  122. 122. Abu-Rumman, A. Al Shraah, F. Al-Madi, T. Alfalah, "The impact of quality framework application on patients’ satisfaction", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. ahead-of-print No. Issue ahead-of- print. Jun2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-01-2021-0006.
  123. 123. Zafar, S.Z., Zhilin, Q., Malik, H., Abu-Rumman, A., Al Shraah, A., Al-Madi, F. and Alfalah, T.F. (2021), "Spatial spillover effects of technological innovation on total factor energy efficiency: taking government environment regulations into account for three continents", Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 1874-1891. https://doi.org/10.1108/BPMJ-12-2020-0550
  124. 124. Ishaq, A., Sadiq, S., Umer, M., Ullah, S., Mirjalili, S., Rupapara, V., & Nappi, M. (2021). Improving the Prediction of Heart Failure Patients’ Survival Using SMOTE and Effective Data Mining Techniques. IEEE Access, 9, 39707–39716. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3064084
  125. 125. Rustam, F., Khalid, M., Aslam, W., Rupapara, V., Mehmood, A., & Choi, G. S. (2021). A performance comparison of supervised machine learning models for Covid-19 tweets sentiment analysis. PLOS ONE, 16(2), e0245909. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0245909
  126. 126. Yousaf, A., Umer, M., Sadiq, S., Ullah, S., Mirjalili, S., Rupapara, V., & Nappi, M. (2021b). Emotion Recognition by Textual Tweets Classification Using Voting Classifier (LR-SGD). IEEE Access, 9, 6286–6295. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3047831
  127. 127. Sadiq, S., Umer, M., Ullah, S., Mirjalili, S., Rupapara, V., & NAPPI, M. (2021). Discrepancy detection between actual user reviews and numeric ratings of Google App store using deep learning. Expert Systems with Applications, 115111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2021.115111
  128. 128. Rupapara, V., Rustam, F., Shahzad, H. F., Mehmood, A., Ashraf, I., & Choi, G. S. (2021). Impact of SMOTE on Imbalanced Text Features for Toxic Comments Classification using RVVC Model. IEEE Access, 1–1. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3083638
  129. 129. Rupapara, V., Narra, M., Gunda, N. K., Gandhi, S., & Thipparthy, K. R. (2021). Maintaining social distancing in pandemic using smartphones with acoustic waves. IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1109/tcss.2021.3092942
  130. 130. D.S. Hooda, Keerti Upadhyay and D.K. Sharma, “On Parametric Generalization of ‘Useful’ R- norm Information Measure” British Journal of Mathematics & Computer Science, Vol. 8(1), pp. 1-15, 2015.
  131. 131. D.S. Hooda, Keerti Upadhyay and D.K. Sharma, “A Generalized Measure of ‘Useful R-norm Information”, International Journal of Engineering Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Vol 3(5), pp.1-11, 2014.
  132. 132. D.S. Hooda, Keerti Upadhyay and D.K. Sharma, “Bounds on Cost Measures in terms of ‘Useful’ R-norm Information Measures” Direct Research Journal of Engineering and Information Technology, Vol.2 (2), pp.11-17, 2014.
  133. 133. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma, “Lower and Upper Bounds Inequality of a Generalized ‘Useful’ Mean Code Length” GAMS Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Biosciences, Vol. 4(1), pp.62-69, 2013.
  134. 134. D.S. Hooda, Keerti Upadhyay and D.K. Sharma, ‘Useful’ R-Norm Information Measure and its Properties” IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Vol. 8, pp. 52-57, 2013.
  135. 135. D.S. Hooda, Sonali Saxena and D.K. Sharma, “A Generalized R-Norm Entropy and Coding Theorem” International Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Engineering Applications, Vol.5(2), pp.385-393, 2011.
  136. 136. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma, “Bounds on Two Generalized Cost Measures” Journal of Combinatorics, Information & System Sciences, Vol. 35(3-4), pp. 513-530, 2010.
  137. 137. D.K. Sharma and D.S. Hooda, “Generalized Measures of ‘Useful’ Relative Information and Inequalities” Journal of Engineering, Management & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.1(1), pp.15-21, 2010.
  138. 138. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma (2010) “Exponential Survival Entropies and Their Properties” Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, Vol. 20, pp. 265-279, 2010.
  139. 139. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma, “Generalized ‘Useful’ Information Generating Functions” Journal of Appl. Math. and Informatics, Vol. 27( 3-4), pp. 591-601, 2009.
  140. 140. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma, “Non-additive Generalized Measures of ‘Useful’ Inaccuracy” Journal of Rajasthan Academy of Physical Sciences, Vol. 7(3), pp.359-368, 2008.
  141. 141. D.S. Hooda and D.K. Sharma, Generalized R-Norm information Measures-Journal of Appl. Math, Statistics & informatics (JAMSI), Vol. 4 No.2 , 153-168, 2008.
  142. 142. Dilip Kumar Sharma, “Some Generalized Information Measures: Their characterization and Applications”, Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, 2010. ISBN: 978-3838386041.
  143. 143. D. K. Sharma, B. Singh, R. Regin, R. Steffi and M. K. Chakravarthi, "Efficient Classification for Neural Machines Interpretations based on Mathematical models," 2021 7th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS), 2021, pp. 2015-2020, doi: 10.1109/ICACCS51430.2021.9441718.
  144. 144. F. Arslan, B. Singh, D. K. Sharma, R. Regin, R. Steffi and S. Suman Rajest, "Optimization Technique Approach to Resolve Food Sustainability Problems," 2021 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Knowledge Economy (ICCIKE), 2021, pp. 25-30.
  145. 145. G. A. Ogunmola, B. Singh, D. K. Sharma, R. Regin, S. S. Rajest and N. Singh, "Involvement of Distance Measure in Assessing and Resolving Efficiency Environmental Obstacles," 2021 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Knowledge Economy (ICCIKE), 2021, pp. 13-18.
  146. 146. D. K. Sharma, B. Singh, M. Raja, R. Regin and S. S. Rajest, "An Efficient Python Approach for Simulation of Poisson Distribution," 2021 7th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS), 2021, pp. 2011-2014.
  147. 147. D. K. Sharma, B. Singh, E. Herman, R. Regine, S. S. Rajest and V. P. Mishra, "Maximum Information Measure Policies in Reinforcement Learning with Deep Energy-Based Model," 2021 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Knowledge Economy (ICCIKE), 2021, pp. 19-24, doi: 10.1109/ICCIKE51210.2021.9410756.
  148. 148. D. K. Sharma, N. A. Jalil, R. Regin, S. S. Rajest, R. K. Tummala and T. N, "Predicting Network Congestion with Machine Learning," 2021 2nd International Conference on Smart Electronics and Communication (ICOSEC), 2021, pp. 1574-1579.
  149. 149. S. Kamal, D. Rahman and D. Singh, "Covid-19 Related Factors Associated with Antenatal Care in Rural Bangladesh: A qualitative study", Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management, vol. 17, no. 1, 2022.
  150. 150. S. Joghee, A. Dubey and S. Singh, "Investigation of green marketing practices of UAE hypermarkets", International Journal of Enterprise Network Management, vol. 12, no. 4, p. 367, 2021.
  151. 151. S. Singh, S. Mondal, L. Singh, K. Sahoo and S. Das, "An Empirical Evidence Study of Consumer Perception and Socioeconomic Profiles for Digital Stores in Vietnam", Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 5, p. 1716, 2020.
  152. 152. Desfiandi, S. Suman Rajest, P. S. Venkateswaran, M. Palani Kumar and S. Singh, "Company Credibility: A Tool To Trigger Positive Csr Image In The Cause-Brand Alliance Context In Indonesia", Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 320-331, 2019.
  153. 153. Singh, V. Shukla and S. Singh, "An Empirical Study of Shift from SMS to Chat-App among University Student", International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 7, no. 64, pp. 1-6, 2019.
  154. 154. S. Singh and S. Das, "Impact of post-merger and acquisition activities on the financial performance of banks: a study of Indian private sector and public sector banks", Revista Espacios, vol. 39, no. 25, pp. 25-40, 2018.
  155. 155. A. Raja and S. Singh, "Event Study on Appointment and Removal of Chairman: Case of Tata Group", Amity Business Review, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1-9, 2018.
  156. 156. S. Singh and S. Kukunuru, "Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact on Profitability of Banks in the United Arab Emirates", Middle East Journal of Business, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 12-22, 2017.
  157. 157. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “An Analysis of Chetan Bhagat’s Revolution -2020: Love, Ambition, Corruption” in International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities, Volume: V, Issue IX, September 2017, Page No.: 52-62.
  158. 158. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “Galapagos: Is Human Accomplishment Worthwhile” in Online International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, Volume: VII, Special Issue II, September 2017, Page No.: 307-314.
  159. 159. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “The white Tiger by Aravind Adiga: Depiction of Fermentation in Society” in International Journal of Information Movement, Volume: II, Special Issue VI, October 2017, Page No.: 189-194.
  160. 160. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “Confrontation on Modernism or Postmodernism Changes after the World War” in New Academia: An International Journal of English Language, Literature and Literary Theory, Volume: VII, Special Issue I, January 2018, Page No.: 50-76.
  161. 161. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “The Post-War Novel as Catch-22: The Chronology and Ex-P.F.C Winter Green” in International Journal of Research Culture Society, Volume: II, Special Issue II, February 2018, Page No.: 64-68.
  162. 162. S. Suman Rajest; Anbarasi, “The Postwar Novel as Postmodern: Billy Pilgrim’s Imagination and the Critical Tendency towards Teleology, Slaughterhouse – Five”, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp.37-41 (2017).
  163. 163. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “Necessary Heads Which are Used for Writing a Scholarly Journal” in New Man International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume: V, Issue III, March 2018, Page No.: 5-21.
  164. 164. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “Impact of 21st century’s different heads of learning skills for students and teachers” in International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume: V, Issue IV, April 2018, Page No.: 170-178.
  165. 165. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “21st Century Learners’ Student-Centered Learning Various Stages” in International Conference, Age and Content in Journey of Language by VISTAS (Tamil Department), Volume: I, Issue I, April 2018, Page No.: 474-492. (International Conference Paper)
  166. 166. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “American Postmodern Novelist Thomas Pynchon’s The Crying of Lot 49: Structure and Absurd Realism” in Proceedings of the IOSRD, 73rd International Conference on Future Trends in Engineering and Business, Volume: 73, May 2018, Page No.: 32-41.
  167. 167. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “The “Four Cs” Education For 21st Century’s Learners” in Research Guru Online Journal of Multidisciplinary Subjects, Volume: XII, Issue I, June 2018, Page No.: 888-900.
  168. 168. Jerusha Angelene Christabel G, Suman Rajest S, “A Short Review on Fragmented Narration in Select Works of Sarnath Banerjee”, American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 12-31, (2022).
  169. 169. Rajest, D. S. S., & G, J. A. C. (2022). A Brief on Past and Present a Tug of War in the Select Works of Kurt Vonnegut. Central Asian Journal of Literature, Philosophy And Culture, 3(4), 59-79.
  170. 170. G, J. A. C., & Rajest, D. S. (2022). Fragmented Narration in Corridor’s Thematic, Language and Imagery. Central Asian Journal Of Arts And Design, 3(4), 15-37.
  171. 171. Steffi. R, D.K. Sharma, S. Suman Rajest, R. Regin, A. J. Obaid, and G. Jerusha Angelene Christabel, “Perceptron in Supervised, Semi-Supervised, Unsupervised Learning and Artificial Neural Network”, CAJOTAS, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 176-199, May 2022.
  172. 172. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “The Problematizing of History Concentrated on The Poetics of Historiographic Metafiction by Postmodernism and How It Influences Postmodern Fiction” in International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics (IJPAM), Volume: 119, Special Issue 16, July 2018, Page No.: 2457-2469.
  173. 173. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “Themes and Techniques from Modernism to Postmodernism: The Dubious Continuance of Gravity’s Rainbow” in International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume: 119, Special Issue 16, July 2018, Page No.: 2373-2384.
  174. 174. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “Absurd Realism and Structure in Thomas Pynchon’s The Crying of Lot 49” in Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Volume: 10, Special Issue 11, August 2018, Page No.: 571-580.
  175. 175. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “The Deducible Teachings Of Historiographic Metafiction Of Modern Theories Of Both Fiction And History” in Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Volume: 13, Special Issue 04, July 2018, Page No.: 110-117.
  176. 176. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “The Dialog on Postmodernism Intertextuality, Parody, The Talk of History and The Issue of Reference” in International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, Volume-7, Issue-5C, February 2019, Page No.: 244-7.
  177. 177. Suman Rajest S, P. Suresh, “An Analysis of Psychological Aspects in Student-Centered Learning Activities and Different Methods” in Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research, Volume: 46, Special Issue 01, March 2019, Page No.: 165-172.
  178. 178. Md. Salamun Rashidin, Sara Javed, Bin Liu, Wang Jian, Suman Rajest S, “Insights: Rivals Collaboration on Belt and Road Initiatives and Indian Recourses” in Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Volume: 11, Special Issue 04, 2019, Page No.: 1509-1522.
  179. 179. K.B. Adanov, S. Suman Rajest, Mustagaliyeva Gulnara, Khairzhanova Akhmaral (2019), “A Short View on the Backdrop of American’s Literature”. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Vol. 11, No. 12, pp. 182-192.
  180. 180. D Datta, S Mishra, SS Rajest, (2020) “Quantification of tolerance limits of engineering system using uncertainty modeling for sustainable energy” International Journal of Intelligent Networks, Vol.1, 2020, pp.1-8, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijin.2020.05.006
  181. 181. Leo Willyanto Santoso, Bhopendra Singh, S. Suman Rajest, R. Regin, Karrar Hameed Kadhim (2021), “A Genetic Programming Approach to Binary Classification Problem” EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy, Vol.8, no. 31, pp. 1-8. DOI: 10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.165523
  182. 182. S. Singh and S. Agarwal, "Analyzing the Medical and Non-Medical Aspects of Medical Consultation in the City of Visakhapatnam", World Family Medicine Journal/Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 12-19, 2015.
  183. 183. S. Agarwal and S. Singh, "Customer Progression and Perception about Premium Men's Apparel Brands : A Case of Indian Male Professionals", Middle East Journal of Business, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 50-56, 2015.
  184. 184. Tawfiq A. Al- asadi and Ahmed J. Obaid, 2016. Object-Based Image Retrieval Using Enhanced SURF. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 15: 2756-2762. 10.36478/ajit.2016.2756.2762.
  185. 185. Tawfiq A. Al- asadi and Ahmed J. Obaid, 2016. Discovering similar user navigation behavior in Web log data. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 11, No. 16: 8797-8805.
  186. 186. Tawfiq A. Al- asadi and Ahmed J. Obaid, 2016. Object Detection and Recognition by Using Enhanced Speeded Up Robust Feature, International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security (IJCSNS), Vol. 16, No. 4: 66-71.
  187. 187. Tawfiq A. Al- asadi and Ahmed J. Obaid, 2016. An efficient web usage mining algorithm based on log file data, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 16, Vol. 92, No. 2: 215-224.
  188. 188. Tawfiq A. Al-asadi, Ahmed J. Obaid, Rahmat Hidayat, Ts. Azizul Azhar Ramli, 2017. A Survey on Web Mining Techniques and Applications, International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4: 1178-1184.
  189. 189. Tawfiq A. Al-Asadi, Ahmed J. Obaid, Ahmed A. Alkhayat, 2017. Proposed Method for Web Pages Clustering Using Latent Semantic Analysis, Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, Vol. 12, No. 8: 8270-8277.
  190. 190. Nora Omran Alkaam, Ahmed J. Obaid, Mohammed Q. Mohammed, 2018. A Hybrid Technique for Object Detection and Recognition Using Local Features Algorithms, Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Vol. 10, No. 2: 2330-2344.
  191. 191. K. Balachander, S. Ramesh, Ahmed J. Obaid, 2018. Simulation Of 1KW Multi-Level Switch Mode Power Amplifier, International Journal of Innovations in Scientific and Engineering Research (IJISER), Vol. 5, No. 9: 85-92.
  192. 192. Saba Alyasiri, Ahmed J. Obaid, 2018. A New Approach for Object Detection, Recognition and Retrieving in Painting Images, Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Vol. 10, No. 2: 2345-2359.
  193. 193. Ahmed J. Obaid, 2020. An Efficient Systematized Approach for The Detection of Cancer in Kidney, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Vol. 7, No. 1: 1-7.
  194. 194. Obaid A. J. and Sharma S. 2020 Recent Trends and Development of Heuristic Artificial Intelligence Approach in Mechanical System and Engineering Product Design Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology 5 86-93
  195. 195. Manaa, Mehdi Ebady; Obaid, Ahmed J; Dosh, Mohammed Hussein, 2021. Unsupervised Approach for Email Spam Filtering using Data Mining, EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web, DOI: 10.4108/eai.9-3-2021.168962.
  196. 196. Azmi Shawkat Abdulbaqi, Ahmed J. Obaid & Alyaa Hashem Mohammed (2021) ECG signals recruitment to implement a new technique for medical image encryption, Journal of Discrete Mathematical Sciences and Cryptography, 24:6, 1663-1673, DOI: 10.1080/09720529.2021.1884378
  197. 197. Obaid A.J., Sharma S. (2021) Data-Mining Based Novel Neural-Networks-Hierarchical Attention Structures for Obtaining an Optimal Efficiency. In: Favorskaya M.N., Peng SL., Simic M., Alhadidi B., Pal S. (eds) Intelligent Computing Paradigm and Cutting-edge Technologies. ICICCT 2020. Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems, vol 21. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65407-8_36
  198. 198. Das A., Ghosh A., Sahana S., Singh D., Obaid A.J. (2021) An Approach to Self-reliant Smart Road Using Piezoelectric Effect and Sensor Nodes. In: Favorskaya M.N., Peng SL., Simic M., Alhadidi B., Pal S. (eds) Intelligent Computing Paradigm and Cutting-edge Technologies. ICICCT 2020. Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems, vol 21. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65407-8_3
  199. 199. Ebrahimi M., Obaid A.J., Yeganegi K. (2021) Protecting Cloud Data Privacy Against Attacks. In: Favorskaya M.N., Peng SL., Simic M., Alhadidi B., Pal S. (eds) Intelligent Computing Paradigm and Cutting-edge Technologies. ICICCT 2020. Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems, vol 21. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65407-8_37