Main Article Content


Globally, about 151 million children under 5 years suffer from stunting. The stunting rate in Indonesia from 2014 to 2017 was an average of 28% to 29.6%. The prevalence of stunting based on Riskesdas data in 2013 in West Sumatra was 39.2% of all children under five. Five years later in 2018, the stunting rate in West Sumatra was recorded at 30.0% of all children under five. Based weighing babies aged under five years old (toddlers) in 2018 in Pariaman City, obtained by allegations that as many as 806 infants in the form of inaction impaired growth (stunting). The high stunting rate is suspected to be due to various problems that require massive and comprehensive handling. Lack of sanitation and poor personal and environmental hygiene, related to the transmission of several infectious diseases, namely diarrhea, cholera, typhoid fever, and paratyphoid fever, dysentery, hookworm disease, ascariasis, hepatitis A and E, skin diseases, trachoma, schistosomiasis, cryptosporidiosis, malnutrition, and diseases associated with malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sanitation, infectious diseases, and nutritional intake on the incidence of stunting in children under five in Pariaman City. This research method uses a descriptive technique, which describes how sanitation, infectious diseases, and nutritional intake affect public health, especially the impact of stunting on children under five. Growth failure in children under five can be caused by multiple factors, including an unhealthy environment, a history of infectious diseases, and micronutrient deficiencies. Various pollutions of water quality hurt children's health.One of the common pollutions in urban and rural environments is the use of pesticides in agricultural environments. In addition to inadequate intake of nutrients, a history of infectious diseases is one of the causes of stunting. The effect of infection on children's linear growth is obtained through a mechanism by first affecting the child's nutritional status which then affects the child's linear growth.


sanitation infectious diseases nutritional intake stunting incidence

Article Details

How to Cite
Aprihatin, Y., Yanti, E., & Anggia, D. H. (2021). The Effect of Sanitation, Infectional Diseases, and Nutrition Information on Stunting Events in Children in Pariaman City. Central Asian Journal of Medical and Natural Science, 2(4), 143-148.


  1. 1. Aprihatin, Y., Syah, N., Dewata, I., & Yanti, E. (2020). Spatial Spread of Stunting Incident In Toddlers. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 17(6), 8872-8881.
  2. 2. Aprihatin, Y., Hermon, D., Barlian, E., Dewata, I., & Umar, I. (2020). Policy Direction for AHP-Based Community Nutrition Management Post Eruption of Dempo Volcano, Pagar Alam City-Indonesia. International Journal of Management and Humanities (IJMH), 4(9), 6-10.
  3. 3. Aprihatin, Y. (2020). COVID-19 Promotion and prevention measures in the fish auction in Karan Aur Pariaman City. Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education, 4(1), 35-39.
  4. 4. Aprihatin, Y., Barlian, E., Fatimah, S., Yanti, E., & Armaita, A. (2020). Impact of Environmental Sanitation and Infection Disease as a Determining Stunting Factor for Children. Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education, 4(2), 209-211.
  5. 5. Armaita, Aprihatin, Y., Yanti, E., Asman, A., & Marni, L. (2020). Varitions in Body Weigh and Bony Length of the Fetus Rattus Norvegicus Albino Wistar Stain Given Coffee With Increased Levels. Science and Environmental Journal for Postgraduate, 2(2), 1-6.
  6. 6. Mitra. (2015). Permasalahan Anak Pendek (Stunting) dan Intervensi untuk Mencegah Terjadinya Stunting (Suatu Kajian Kepustakaan). Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas, 2(6), 254-261.
  7. 7. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2016. INFODATIN pusat data dan informasi kemeterian kesehatan RI: Situasi balita pendek. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI.
  8. 8. UNICEF. (2018). Nutrition Capacity Assessment in Indonesia. United Nation Children’s Fund (UNICEF): Jakarta, Indonesia.
  9. 9. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pariaman. 2019
  10. 10. Tambuwun, F., Ismanto, A. Y., & Silolonga, W. (2015). 1 Hubungan Sanitasi Lingkungan Dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Anak Usia Sekolah Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bahu Manado. Jurnal Keperawatan, 3(2).
  11. 11. Cruz, G., Azpeitia, L. G., Súarez, G. R., Rodríguez, D. S., & Ferrer, A. L. LJ (2017). Factors Associated with Stunting among Children Aged 0 to 59 Months from the Central Region of Mozambique.
  12. 12. Mara, D., Lane, J., Scott, B., & Trouba, D. (2010). Sanitation and health. PLoS medicine, 7(11), e1000363.
  13. 13. Aprihatin, Y., & Imral, M. (2021, February). The Relationship of Body Mass Index to Hemoglobin Levels. In 1st International Conference on Sport Sciences, Health and Tourism (ICSSHT 2019) (pp. 333-335). Atlantis Press
  14. 14. Checkley, W., Epstein, L. D., Gilman, R. H., Cabrera, L., & Black, R. E. (2003). Effects of acute diarrhea on linear growth in Peruvian children. American journal of epidemiology, 157(2), 166-175.
  15. 15. El Taguri, A., Betilmal, I., Mahmud, S. M., Ahmed, A. M., Goulet, O., Galan, P., & Hercberg, S. (2009). Risk factors for stunting among under-fives in Libya. Public health nutrition, 12(8), 1141-1149.
  16. 16. Chard, A. N., Trinies, V., Moss, D. M., Chang, H. H., Doumbia, S., Lammie, P. J., & Freeman, M. C. (2018). The impact of school water, sanitation, and hygiene improvements on infectious disease using serum antibody detection. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 12(4), e0006418.
  17. 17. Picauly, I., & Toy, S. M. (2013). Analisis determinan dan pengaruh stunting terhadap prestasi belajar anak sekolah di Kupang dan Sumba Timur, NTT. Jurnal gizi dan pangan, 8(1), 55-62.
  18. 18. Italia, I., Kamaluddin, H. M. T., & Sitorus, R. J. (2016). Hubungan Kebiasaan Mencuci Tangan, Kebiasaan Mandi dan Sumber Air Dengan Kejadian Diare pada Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas 4 Ulu Kecamatan Seberang Ulu I Palembang. Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan: Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya, 3(3), 172-181.