Main Article Content

Abstract





Arterial hypertension (AH) is recognized as one of the most common diseases in the world. The presence of elevated blood pressure in youth leads to increased cardiovascular mortality in middle age.


Target: to study the prevalence of hypertension and risk factors among healthy individuals aged 20 to 29 years.


Materials and methods. 981 relatively healthy young people (536 men and 445 women, average age 22,32,26 years) were examined and a one-time sample epidemiological study was conducted.


Results. The prevalence of hypertension is 14.2%, significantly higher among men (22.2%) than among women (4.5%), p < 0.05. There is a high incidence of risk factors such as excess weight (35.4% of men), smoking (27.8% of men), hereditary predisposition to hypertension (57.8% of respondents), non-compliance with the daily routine (58.8% of respondents) , as well as a significant reaction to stress (37.7% of respondents). Among people with hypertension, the prevalence of overweight, smoking, excess salt intake, hereditary predisposition, and physical inactivity is significantly higher.






Conclusion. The prevalence of hypertension among young people is 14.2%; the main risk factors for hypertension are found in more than a quarter of those examined.

Keywords

arterial hypertension risk factors prevalence

Article Details

How to Cite
Sh. A., O. (2024). RISK FACTORS FOR ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IN YOUNG AGES. Central Asian Journal of Medical and Natural Science, 5(1), 472-477. https://doi.org/10.17605/cajmns.v5i1.2353

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