Defense Mechanism of Natural Antioxidants Against Free Radicals

  • Chandra Prakash Gharu Assistant Professor, Dept. of Chemistry, Government College, Barmer, Rajasthan, India
Keywords: defense, radicals, antioxidants, mechanism, natural, oxidation, exercise

Abstract

Endogenous and exogenous antioxidants act as “free radical scavengers” by preventing and repairing damages caused by ROS and RNS, and therefore can enhance the immune defense and lower the risk of cancer and degenerative diseases. Free radicals reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species are generated by our body by various endogenous systems, exposure to different physiochemical conditions or pathological states. A balance between free radicals and antioxidants is necessary for proper physiological function. If free radicals overwhelm the body's ability to regulate them, a condition known as oxidative stress ensues. Free radicals thus adversely alter lipids, proteins, and DNA and trigger a number of human diseases. Hence application of external source of antioxidants can assist in coping this oxidative stress. Synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole have recently been reported to be dangerous for human health. Thus, the search for effective, nontoxic natural compounds with antioxidative activity has been intensified in recent years. The present review provides a brief overview on oxidative stress mediated cellular damages and role of dietary antioxidants as functional foods in the management of human diseases.

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Published
2022-09-21
How to Cite
Gharu, C. P. (2022). Defense Mechanism of Natural Antioxidants Against Free Radicals. Central Asian Journal of Medical and Natural Science, 3(5), 163-170. https://doi.org/10.17605/cajmns.v3i5.1064
Section
Articles