Main Article Content


The 2008 Nigeria demographic and health survey showed that maternal mortality in Nigeria is currently estimated at 545 per 100,000 live births.  This burden of maternal health can be alleviated through effective modern family planning measures (Singh, 2008). The contraceptive prevalence in Nigeria is still very low, about 15% (NDHS, 2008). This study aimed at examine the prevalence of contraceptive methods among women of reproductive age attending family planning clinic in Adeoyo, Ibadan, Oyo State. A descriptive cross sectional study design was used for this study. The study was carried out in Adeoyo Maternity Hospital, Yemetu located at Ibadan, Oyo State. Oyo State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria and is located in the South Western region of the country. Purposive sampling was used for the distribution of the questionnaires to the women attending Infant Welfare Clinic at General Hospital Adeoyo Maternity, Yemetu, Ibadan Oyo State. Participants were interviewed as they came into the hospital. The process continued until the required number of sample size (100) was obtained. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire which consists of the following. Section A consist of Socio demographic characteristics. Section B consist of data on Perceived reasons for choice of contraceptive method, perception about contraceptive choice. Section C consist of data on Perceived satisfaction with chosen contraceptive method and explore factors that influence satisfaction. Section D consist of data on Compliance with contraceptive methods and factor that influence compliance. Data was entered, edited, and analyze with SPSS statistical software (version 15). This included the analysis of participants socio-demographics data such as age, marital status, occupation, educational level, ethnicity. Frequency table diagrams and graph for these data was computed. Chi-square test was used for bivariate analyses to test the significance of the association between selected independents and dependents variables. findings from this study show that (96%) women of reproductive age that participated in this study have heard of contraceptive and understand it importance also  (58% ) were satisfied with the contraceptive method they choose because of the level of convenience, also (82%) of the respondents also used the contraceptive method of their choice regularly also (60% ) pf the respondents said they have confidence in the use of the method they went for .805) of the respondent their source of information on their currents method on the type of contraceptive to used was through the health worker. Only (19%) pf the respondents experienced side effect from their choice of contraceptive method they choose. Among the selected socio-demographic variable tested, it was discovered in this study that religion is the only factor that influence the use of contraceptive method among and this show statistically significant with P-value of 0.004.  It is recommended that Increase effort in modern contraceptive method promotion and education is needed to be intensify to improve knowledge among women so that they can make a proper and informed choice. It is also recommended that health care providers should effectively play their role by making sure that their clients have sufficient knowledge on contraceptives which can help them make a correct choice.


Contraceptives Perceived satisfaction Compliances with Contraceptive Methods

Article Details

How to Cite
Abayomi O, A., Taiwo O, A., Okpere, O. V., L. A, A., Idowu, A. A., Sylva John, C., & Ademola, O. J. (2021). Prevalence of Contraceptive Methods among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Family Planning Clinic in Adeoyo Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State. CENTRAL ASIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES, 2(5), 72-91.


  1. 1. Abiodun O.M, BalogunO.R. 2009. Sexual activity and contraceptive use among young female students of tertiary educational institution in Ilorin, Nigeria.Journal of Contraception, 79: 146-149
  2. 2. Alaba, O. and Dolapo, O. 1999. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches.Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California.
  3. 3. Andersson-Ellström A, Forssman L, Milsom I. 1999. Age of sexual debut related to life-style and reproductive health factors in a group of Swedish teenage girls. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5: 48-49.
  4. 4. Araoye, M.O. (2004).Research methodology with statistics for health sciences, Nigeria, Nathadex Publishers.
  5. 5. Audu S. 2006. Polygamy and the use of contraceptives.International Journal of Gynaecology& Obstetrics, 101(1): 88 - 92.
  6. 6. Ayinde A.O et all (.2021) Prevalence of contraceptive methods among women of reproductive age attending family planning clinic in adeoyo maternity teaching hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State. .International Journal of Clinical Sscience and Medical Reseach .
  7. 7. Bankole A, Biddlecom A, Guiella G, Singh S, Zulu E. 2007. Sexual Behaviour, Knowledge and Information Sources of Very Young Adolescents in Four Sub-Saharan African Countries. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 11(3): 28–43.
  8. 8. Belfield T, Wellings K. 2005. Trends in sexual behaviour. In: Contraception and contraceptive use. RCOG Press, London, pages 78-87.
  9. 9. Boohene E, Tsodzai J, Hardee-Cleaveland K, Weir S, Janowitz B. 1999. Fertility and contraceptive use among young adults in Harare, Zimbabwe. Studies in family planning, 22(4): 26-47
  10. 10. Burkman R.T. 1999. Compliance and other issues in contraception.International Journal of Fertile Women Medicine, 44:234-240.
  11. 11. Carr D, Khan M. 2004. The Unfinished Agenda: Meeting the needs for family planning in less developed countries. Population Reference Bureau, Washington D.C.
  12. 12. Catherine MacPhail et al. 2007. Contraception use and pregnancy among 15–24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey.
  13. 13. Chandic N, et al. 2003. Contraceptive knowledge, practices and utilization of services in the rural areas of India.Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 57(7):303-309.
  14. 14. Chatterji Alokendu. 2002. Use Cafeteria Approach for Contraception.Asian Journal of Obstetrics &Gynaecological practice, 6(5):35.
  15. 15. Cincotta M, Engelman D. 1999.Socio cultural determinants of contraceptive method choice in Goa and Kerala, India. The Journal of Family Welfare,46(2):1-10.
  16. 16. Cleland J, Bernstein S, Ezeh A, Faundes A, Glasier A, Innis J. 2006. Family planning: the unfinished agenda. Lancet, 368: 18-27.
  17. 17. Cleland L. 2006.Child spacing and the utilization of maternal health services in some selected states of India- an analysis.The Journal of FamilyWelfare, 47(2):18-25.
  18. 18. Corbett P.O, Mitchell C.P, Taylor J.S, Kemppainen J. 2006. Emergency contraception: knowledge and perceptions in a university population. Journal of the American Academy.
  19. 19. Danielsson M, Rogala C, Sundström K. 2009. Teenage Sexual and Reproductive Behaviour in Developed Countries: Country Report for Sweden, New York and Washington. The Alan Guttmacher Institute; Occasional Report No. 7.
  20. 20. David E.B, David C, Jaypee S. 2002. The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change, New York.
  21. 21. Davies S.L, Di-Clemente R.J, Wingood G.M, Person S.D, Dix E.S, Harrington K. 2006. Predictors of Inconsistent Contraceptive Use among Adolescent Girls: Findings from a Prospective Study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39: 43-49.
  22. 22. Diaz J, Bahamondes L, Monteiro I, Petta C, Hildalgo MM, Arce X.E. 2006. Acceptability and performance of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system in Campinas, Brazil. Journal of Contraception, 62:59-61.
  23. 23. Dieben T.O, Roumen F.J, Apter D. 2002. Efficacy, cycle control, and user acceptability of a novel combined contraceptive vaginal ring. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 100:58-59.
  24. 24. Dissanayake Lakshman. 2000. The influence of child mortality and breast feeding on inter-birth intervals in Srilanka.The Journal of Family Welfare, 46(1):27.
  25. 25. Eastwood B, Lipton C. 2001.Women’s interest in Natural family planning,Journal of Family Practitioner, 46(1):65-71.
  26. 26. Edgard K. 2002. Sexual behaviour and early coitarche in a national sample of 17- year- old Swedish boys.Journal of Tropical Paediatrics, 91: 98-109.
  27. 27. Ellertson C, Clerk S, Lukhando M, Batya Elul, Olenja J. 2000. What do family planning clients and university students in Nairobi, Kenya, know and think about emergency contraception? African Journal of Reproductive Health, 4(1): 77-87.
  28. 28. Faculty of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care Clinical Effectiveness Unit (FPRHC) Guidance. 2004. Contraceptive choices of breastfeeding women. Journal of family planning and reproductive health, 30(3): 181-189.
  29. 29. Frost J.J, Darroch J.E, Remez L. 2008. Improving contraceptive use in the United States. Guttmacher Institute, New York.
  30. 30. Frost J.J, Singh B, Finer L.B. 2007. Factors Associated with Contraceptive Use and Non-use, United States. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(2)
  31. 31. Gallo M, Nanda K, Grimes D.A, Schulz K.F. 2005. Twenty micrograms versus >20mcg oestrogen oral contraceptives for contraception: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Contraception,71: 16-29.
  32. 32. Garenne M, Tollman S, Kahn K. 2000. Premarital fertility in rural South Africa: a challenge to existing population policy. Studies in Family Planning, 31:47–54.
  33. 33. Glasier A, Anakwe R, Everington D, Martin CW, Van der Spuy Z, Cheng L, Ho P.C, Anderson RA. 2002. Would women trust their partners to use a male pill?Journal of Contraception, 15: 64-69.
  34. 34. Glasier A and Gebbie A. 2000.Family planning and reproductive health. Harcourt Publishers Limited, London, England.
  35. 35. Glasier andAnna. 2010. "Contraception". In Jameson, J. Larry; De Groot, Leslie J. Endocrinology (6th ed). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. pp. 2417–2427. ISBN 978-1-4160-5583-9.
  36. 36. Häggström-Nordin E, Hanson U, Tyden T. 2002. Sex behaviour among high school students in Sweden: Improvement in contraceptive use over time. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30: 28–95.
  37. 37. Halpern V, Grimes D.A, Lopez L, Gallo M.F. 2006. Strategies to improve adherence and acceptability of hormonal methods for contraception. Cochrane Database System Rev 25(1): 43-117.
  38. 38. Hatcher Nelson, Singh S, Darroch J.E. 2004.Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing, Austria. United Nations publications.
  39. 39. Hawkins, J.P, Matteson S, Tabeek E.S. 1995. A Fertility Control in Fogel. A Comprehensive Handbook. London, UK, Sage Publishers, Inc
  40. 40. Herlitz CA, Forsberg M. 2010. Sexual behaviour and risk assessment in different age cohorts in the general population of Sweden. Journal of Public Health, 38:32-39.
  41. 41. Huezo C.M. 2001. Current reversible contraceptive methods: A global perspective. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 62(1):3-15
  42. 42. Juan Shoemaker. 2005. Contraceptive Use among the Poor in Indonesia.International Family Planning Perspectives, 31(3).
  43. 43. Kamal Nashid. 1999. Inter spousal communication on family planning as a determinant of the use of modern contraception in Bangladesh. The Journal of Family Welfare,45(1):31-39.
  44. 44. Kaufman C.E, De Wet T, Stadler J (2003). Adolescent pregnancy and parenthood in South Africa. Studies in Family Planning, 32:147–160.
  45. 45. Konje, J.C. and Fakeye 2008. Factors determining the choice of contraceptive methods at the family planning clinic, University college Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. British Journal of family planning, 24(3):107-110.
  46. 46. Kost. 2008. Estimates of contraceptive failure from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth. Journal of Contraception, 77(1): 10-21.
  47. 47. Krista Maynard Robinson. 2002. Education and traditional contraceptive use; An analysis of nine countries using demographic and health survey data.
  48. 48. Larsson G, Milsom I, Sundell G, Andersch B, Blohm F. 1999. A longitudinal study of birth control and pregnancy outcome in a Swedish population. Journal of Contraception, 56: 9-16.
  49. 49. Laura Borgelt-Hansen. 2001. Oral Contraceptives: An Update on Health Benefits and Risks; Progestin-Only Minipill.Journal American Pharmacological Association, 41(6).
  50. 50. Lema V.M., Mtimavalye L.A. 1998. Socio demographic characteristics of family planning clients and their possible influence on contraception in Malawi.East African Medical Journal, 75(1): 41-46.
  51. 51. Lete I, Doval J.L, Pérez-Campos E. 2008. Self-described impact of noncompliance among users of a combined hormonal contraceptive method. Journal of Contraception, 77(2): 76-82.
  52. 52. Lucita Mary. 2001. Knowledge, attitude and practices of family planning methods among eligible couples.The Nursing Journal of India, 92(11): 246.
  53. 53. MacPhail C, Pettifor A.E, Pascoe S, Rees H.V. 2007. Contraceptive use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional
  54. 54. Marissa Maier et al. 2008. Anti-retroviral Therapy is Associated with Increased Fertility Desire, but not Pregnancy or Live Birth, among HIV+ Women in an Early HIV Treatment Program in Rural Uganda.
  55. 55. Mayer KH et al. 2001. Safety and tolerability of Buffer Gel, a novel vaginal microbicide in women in the United States. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 32(3):476-482.
  56. 56. Merrick. 2002.Birth spacing, three to five saves lives: Population Report Series.Lancet, (13):2
  57. 57. Moreland S, Talbird S. 2006. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: The Contribution of Fulfilling the Unmet Need for Family Planning. Constella Futures Policy Project, Washington, DC.
  58. 58. Muniyppan P, Somasundaram M. 2000. IUD (CU-T) Retention Rates in Three Districts of Tamilnadu.The Journal of Family Welfare, 46(2):61-65.
  59. 59. Nakazzi K. 2002. Factors influencing utilization of maternal services in Uganda. (Unpublished).
  60. 60. Nayyar Anjali. 2000. Increasing access to emergency contraception in India.Health and Population Perspectives and Issues, 23(3):107-114.
  61. 61. Odlind J. Frost, Jacqueline E. Darroch. 2008. Factors associated with contraceptive choice and inconsistent method use, United States. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 40(2): 94-104; Journal of Nurse Practitioners, 18:161–168.
  62. 62. Ohaja W . 2003. The Discovery of Grounded Theory, New York
  63. 63. Ohene S, Akoto I.O. 2008. Factors associated with sexually transmitted infections among young Ghanaian women. Ghana Medical Journal, 42(3): 96-100.
  64. 64. Onwuzurike B.K, Uzochukwu B.S. 2001. Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among women in a high density low income urban of Enugu, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 5(2): 83-89.
  65. 65. Osterberg L, Blaschke T. 2005. Adherence to medication. New England Journal of Medicine,353: 487-97.
  66. 66. Oye-Adeniran B.A, Adewole I.F, Umoh A.V, Oladokun A, Gbadegesin A, Ekanem E.E, Yusuf B, Odeyemi K.O, Iwere N, Mahmood P. 2006. Community based study of contraceptives behaviour in Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 10(2).
  67. 67. Parkes A, Wight D, Henderson M, Stephenson J, Strange V. 2009. Contraceptive Method at First Sexual Intercourse and Subsequent Pregnancy Risk: Findings from a Secondary Analysis of 16-Year-Old Girls from the RIPPLE and SHARE Studies. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44:55–63.
  68. 68. Paul Hayes, Onega .2002. Educational theories, models & principles applied to community and public health nursing.
  69. 69. Potter L. 1996. Measuring compliance among oral contraceptive users.Family Planning Perspectives, 28(4):154-158.
  70. 70. Potter L.S. 1996. How effective are contraceptives? The determination and measurement of pregnancy rates.International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 88(3): 13-23.
  71. 71. Raine T.R, Harper C.C, Rocca C.H, Fischer R, Padian N, Klausner J.D. 2005. Direct access to emergency contraception through pharmacies and effect on unintended pregnancy and STIs.Randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 293; 54-62.
  72. 72. Roscoe M. 2003. Natural family planning: is it a viable alternative to artificial contraception? Physician assistant, 27(6): 30-39.
  73. 73. Rosenberg M.J, Waugh M.S, Burnhill M.S. 1998. Compliance, counselling and satisfaction with oral contraceptives: a prospective evaluation. Family Planning Perspectives, 30:89-92a.
  74. 74. Rosenfeld J. 2001. Handbook of women’s health: an evidence-based approach.Cambridge University press. Cambridge: England.
  75. 75. Sabogal Catania, Parrot A.D.F, Hungler R.P. 1999. Understanding drugs and behaviour.
  76. 76. Schwartz JL, Creinin MD, Pymar HC, Reid L. Predicting risk of ovulation in new start oral contraceptives users. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 99:177-182.
  77. 77. Senbeto E, Alene G.D, Abesto N, Yeneneh H. 2005. Prevalence and associated risk factors of induce Abortion in North West Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 19(1): 37-44.
  78. 78. Shane A. 1999.The Reproductive Revolution Continues. Population Reports, (17):2
  79. 79. Shoveller J, Chabot C, Soon J.A, Levine M. 2007.Identifying Barriers to Emergency Contraception Use among Young Women from Various Socio-cultural Groups in British Columbia, Canada. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(1):13-20.
  80. 80. Singh S, Darroch J.E, Vlassoff M, Nadeau J. 2003. The benefits of investing in sexual and reproductive health. The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York.
  81. 81. Steiner M. 1996. Measuring contraceptive effectiveness: A conceptual framework. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 88: 24-30
  82. 82. Tamire W, Enqueselassie F. 2007. Knowledge, attitude and practice on emergency contraceptives among female university students in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 21 (12):111-116.
  83. 83. TountasY, Dimatrikaki C, Antonio A, Boulamatis D, Creatsas G. 2004. Attitudes and behaviours towards contraception among Greek women during reproductive age; A country wide survey. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Reproductive biology, 166:190-195.
  84. 84. Trussell James. 2010. Contraceptive failure in the United States. Journal of Contraception, 70:89-96.
  85. 85. USAID/HPI. 2007. Achieving Equity for the Poor in Kenya: Understanding Level of Inequities and Barriers to Family Planning Services, Washington D.C.
  86. 86. Vahratian A, Patel A.D, Wolff A, Xu X. 2008. College Students’ Perceptions of Emergency Contraception Provision. Journal of Women’s Health, 17(1): 103–111.
  87. 87. Wellings K. 2005. Trends in sexual behaviour. In: Contraception and contraceptive use. RCOG Press, London. Pages 12-18.
  88. 88. Werner David. 1998. Where is no doctor? A village health care handbook, Mac-millian, London, pages 283-293.
  89. 89. Westhoff C. 2005. Trends in sexual behaviour. In: Contraception and contraceptive. RCOG Press, London. Pp 108-117.
  90. 90. Westhoff, S et al. 2007. Oral contraceptive discontinuation; do side effects matter?American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 196(4): 412- 414.
  91. 91. WHO. 2008. Integrating poverty and gender into health programmes, a sourcebook for health professionals. Module on sexual and reproductive health..
  92. 92. Woodsong C, Koo H.P. 2008. Two good reasons: women's and men's perspectives on dual contraceptive use. Journal of Social Science and Medicine, 49(5):567-580.
  93. 93. World Bank. 2004. Making Services Work for Poor People. World Development Report 2004.
  94. 94. Youngkin E, Davis M. 2004.Women’s health: a primary care clinical guide 3rd edition. Pearson Education Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
  95. 95. Zaki K. P, Johnson N. E. 2003. Does women’s literacy affect desired fertility and contraceptive use in rural- urban Pakistan? Journal of Biosocial Science, 35(4): 527-543.